How to Write a Dissertation 2019
January 5, 2019
Addiction and Culture Sample Paper 2020
December 11, 2019
Show all

Literature Review Sample Paper 2020

ADHD EFFECT ON LEARNERS

The brain of ADHD child develops at an average 30% behind schedule in the frontal lobe.

The frontal region of the brain regulates cognitive skills, emotions, memories, and problem-solving capabilities

It is responsible for how an individual utilizes they’ve learned and comprehended. ADHD predominately alters the rate of development and hence, gives the child a hard time to learn

In adults, it is slightly an advanced disorder.

As adults with ADHD risk developing psychiatric disorders

  • Personality disorder
  • Intermittent explosive disorder
  • Substance use disorder

These disorders cause the individual to score lower on academic tests.

Dr. Daniel Amen performed research on the brain of a 30-year-old man.

He observed that he was struggling with inattention, disorganization, restlessness, and impulse control issues.

He did observe two scans; one when the individual was relaxed and another when the patient was concentrating

His frontal lobe function dropped with concentration. The harder he tried, the worse it got

More about the impact in his revised book www.changeyourbrainbook.com.

ADHD is an abbreviation for Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder

This condition affects the attention of an individual.

We all know that for every learner to effectively ingest anything new in his mind, attention must be crystal.

Yet some of the symptoms depict that attention is affected. The cognitive symptoms include

  • Absent-mindedness
  • Forgetfulness
  • Difficulty in focusing
  • Short term or no attention at all.

In the early childhood stages, children possess poor sleeping patterns; day time behavior is even worse with sleeping being severely affected. This, in turn, affects the child’s learning.

Severe symptoms of the ADHD related to learners

  • Disorganization and problems prioritizing:

Adult scholars may find it frustrating to focus and prioritize resulting in missing deadlines, unattended meetings

  • Poor time management skills

This may result from poor planning

Most learners find it challenging to follow through and complete tasks

Frequent mood swings can interfere with their planning abilities.

  • Low frustration tolerance:

They are easily overwhelmed by the emotions they experience.

They fail to possess a barrier that allows them to set aside uncomfortable emotions.

They end up getting drowned in them and thus unable to cope with stress

  • Although it remains unproven, concerns have been raised that there may be a slightly increased risk of suicidal thinking in children and teenagers taking non-stimulant ADHD medication.

Therefore attention and safely administering medication are incredibly fundamental. The following ought to be adhered to when taking care of any ADHD patient:

  • Do not send supplies of medication at school with your child. Deliver any medication yourself to the nurse or health office
  • Behavioral therapy. Parents and teachers can learn behavior-changing strategies, such as tokens, rewards, and time outs, for dealing with difficult situations.
  • Let the affected child learn social skills to aid them with appropriate social behaviors
  • Psychotherapy will allow older children with ADHD to communicate the issues that bother them. This will explore negative behavior patterns and learn adequate approaches to deal with them.
  • Children with ADHD often do well in art, music projects, dance lessons, or martial arts classes. This will improve their self-esteem.
  • Talking to the child’s teacher will assist the teacher in understanding the child with ADHD. Stay in close communication with the teachers, so that in case of any negative behavior, you help as a parent or guardian will be of help

Difficulty in learning music

From scientific reports 7, article number 11550 (2017)

Both children, along with adults with ADHD, found it challenging to stay in rhythm

They would fail simple tasks like telling whether two sounds have varying or similar durations.

  • Children with ADHD performed worse than their healthy counterparts when asked to discriminate single durations.
  • The difference, however, disappeared when children detected a deviant duration in the context of a periodic sequence of tones.
  • Poor beat tracking was still observed in children with ADHD when it came to music
  • Lastly, children with the condition had difficulties in judging whether a sound was miss-aligned.

In conclusion, children with ADHD could detect a deviation from the beat but couldn’t do so with music

  • Adults with ADHD, on the other hand, were deficient in identifying whether a sound and a musical rhythm were aligned or not.
  • But overall, adults outperformed children on this task.

All participants, regardless of age and group, depicted the worst rhythm tracking performance when music was playing at a fast tempo than a slow pace.

Difficulty in coping with school

The journal of attention disorders published online 2015 November 25th by Cuffe, S.P., Visser, S.N, Holbrook, J.R., Danielson, M.L., Greryk L.L., Wolraich, M.L., McKeown R.E. an ADHD and psychiatric comorbidity: Functional outcomes in a school-Based sample of children.

This study focused on children with ADHD who had other mental disorders and reported the impact that these disorders had on the affected individuals.

University of Oklahoma health sciences center, CDC, and the University of Florida-Jacksonville had a team of researchers

They found out that more than half of the children ADHD and other mental disorders were struggling with friendships and getting in trouble with the school or the police

The study could assist physicians understand the needs and inform the care of diagnosed children with ADHD

These were the findings:

  • Children with ADHD were more twice likely to have another mental disorder as compared to healthy child
  • About 60%of the children with ADHD had another mental disorder.
  • 25%of children with ADHD had two or more other psychiatric disorders.
  • Children with ADHD often had trouble with the police or mostly were suspended, or expelled from school
  • Children with ADHD and CD were the most likely to have difficulties in school problems with friends and police

Physicians could utilize this information to comprehend the need for children with ADHD.

  • This means that most students with ADHD would start benefiting from treatment beyond those specifically for ADHD
  • Children with other mental disorder other than ADHD could benefit from interventions that prevent dropping from schools

The children and parents are enrolled in a population-based project for the screening of ADHD and related mental disorder

The objective is to study and follow children from elementary school age (5-13) through adolescence (up to 19)

The primary target is to learn more about children with ADHD, the cause, co-occurring conditions, factors that increase the risk of having ADHD and treatment at an early stage

CDC’s primary function is to improve the comprehension of ADHD and co-occurring conditions. It is possible through the following procedure

  1. Tracking: Through the survey data, the CDC monitors the number of children who have been diagnosed with ADHD
  2. Research: CDC conducts community-based studies on the behavioral health conditions and other mental disorder as a result of ADHD condition
  3. Health promotion: Then supports the National Resource Centre on ADHD. It is a program that supports children and adults with ADHD. You can find them on (http://www.help4adhd.org/NRC.aspx) the information is based on the most current medical evidence about care for people with ADHD and their families

Although there have been several attempts to contain the condition, there is no known cure.

Medication diagnosis is, however, advised so that the patients’ behavioral patterns may not affect the individual.

Nonetheless, there is still a significant challenge of cost per individual and society, and the estimates in the US are $31.6 billion combined annually.

With regards to learners with the condition, extra attention is required if they are to keep the same pace with the healthy scholars.

It is noted that improving the health of individuals with ADHD results in substantial savings to the families and society.

Please note that the entire wellbeing of ADHD individuals’ lies in your hands be it a colleague or a family member, make it a bit comfortable for them it is already hard for them to cope.